The gastrointestinal tract and organs are the essential parts of the body that facilitate different activities, including digestion and blood filtration. However, certain factors can influence the development of various diseases and malfunctions of the system and associated organs. This can as well result in serious life-threatening conditions.
Fortunately, gastroenterology and hepatology medical branches specialize in such gastrointestinal concerns and functionality. These branches also involve a range of diagnostic procedures and treatment options for different types of diseases.
Definition of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Gastroenterology and hepatology are medical specialties concerned with diagnosing, treating, managing, and preventing gastrointestinal (GI) disorders. It also deals with a range of conditions that develop and affect the GI organs. These organs include the esophagus, small intestine, large intestine, anus, liver, gallbladder, and pancreas.
On the other hand, gastroenterologists and hematologists are the healthcare specialists who provide medical care to patients with both malignant and benign diseases. It can be the disorders of the gastrointestinal tract, pancreas, gall bladder, liver, or any malfunction that alter digestion.
Gastroenterological and Hepatological Disorders
Depending on certain factors, there are various health conditions of the GI tract that affects infants, children, and adults. Some of the common minor and complex gastroenterological and hepatological diseases include;
- Acid reflux disease (GERD)
- Alcoholic liver disease
- Barrett’s esophagus
- Colon polyps
- Colorectal cancer
- Complex nutritional issues
- Esophageal cancer
- Gallstone disease
- Gastrointestinal bleeding
- Inflammatory bowel diseases such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease
- Irritable bowel syndrome
- Liver disease and failure
- Viral hepatitis